We can’t turn back the clock on clean water

From the shores of Lake Erie to our iconic rivers like the Delaware, Susquehanna and Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers, Pennsylvania’s  streams, rivers, lakes and other waters are where we go to swim, fish, canoe, kayak or just enjoy the scenery. They also supply millions of Pennsylvanians with clean drinking water.

However, far too often we’re reminded of the bad old days, when polluters used so many of Pennsylvania’s and America’s waters as their own private sewers:

In 2015, mutant bass with enormous cancerous growths were discovered in the Susquehanna River. The numerous toxins flowing into river are believed to be the cause, leading the PA Fish & Boat Commission to call for the river to be listed as seriously impaired.

Constant nitrates and other runoff pollution caused a massive algae bloom in Lake Erie in 2017. This bloom resulted in a large dead zone and shut down the drinking water supply for half a million people in 2014. The 2017 algae bloom was only slightly smaller.

In January 2014, a 10,000-gallon chemical spill into West Virginia’s Elk River left 300,000 people without water. They couldn’t drink it, bathe in it, shower with it, cook with it, or even wash the dishes with it.

A month later, a Duke Energy pipeline collapsed, spreading more than 39,000 tons of coal ash along 70 miles of North Carolina’s Dan River.

Just six months later, in August 2014, a toxic algae bloom left 400,000 people in and around Toledo, Ohio, without drinking water. The algae contained cyanotoxin—a substance so potent that the military considered “weaponizing” it. Toledo faced problems again last year, when the algae bloom hit again.

We’ve worked hard to protect our waters and we’re doing all we can now to keep polluters from turning back the clock to the days when our rivers were so polluted that they caught on fire.

A growing threat for our waterways

Unfortunately, polluting industries have put our waters in even greater jeopardy. They’ve been pushing to weaken the U.S. Clean Water Act ever since it first passed nearly 50 years ago. After spending millions of dollars on lobbyists, lawyers, and glossy PR campaigns, they succeeded in carving out  loopholes in the law that left more than half of America’s streams, and 50,000 miles of Pennsylvania streams, open to pollution.

As a result of these loopholes, hundreds of polluters were able to escape penalties.

Fortunately, the EPA agreed to act, proposing a new rule that would close the loopholes so the agency could enforce the law,  stop the polluters, and protect our waterways.

"Legal warfare"

However, polluting industries lobbied furiously to stop us.

Our adversaries included big oil and gas companies, which have thousands of miles of pipelines running through wetlands. They threatened legal warfare against the plan to restore protections to these wetlands.

Coal companies, which have a history of dumping the wastes from their mining into mountain streams, and stood to benefit if the Clean Water Act failed to protect these streams.

Powerful developers who want to pave over wetlands without restrictions. A Michigan developer named Rapanos filed one of the court cases that created the loopholes.

Huge factory farms who generate millions of pounds of animal manure each year, some of which runs off into our water. These big agribusinesses and their congressional allies unleashed a smear campaign, designed to scare ordinary farmers into believing the EPA was out to grab their land and even “regulate puddles.” The smears were, of course, completely untrue.

Winning the biggest step forward for clean water in a decade

We quickly responded to support EPA’s efforts, to advocate in Congress for supporting this clean water initiative, recruit and mobilize a diverse and powerful coalition, and rally the grassroots to demand action.

  • Together with our allies, we gathered more than 800,000 comments and held more than half a million face-to-face conversations about the need to close loopholes in the Clean Water Act.

  • With the influential voices of more than 1,000 farmers, business owners and local elected officials behind us, our visibility events and media outreach efforts countered Big Ag’s smear campaign against the rule.

  • With the rule under threat, our national team held meetings with more than 50 congressional offices, urging them to champion the voice of the public and stand up for clean water.

And  our efforts paid off when President Obama finalized the Clean Water Rule in 2015, restoring federal protections to more than half the nation’s streams, which feed drinking water sources for one in three Americans.


EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy (sitting, right) and U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) Jo Ellen Darcy (sitting, left) signed the Clean Water for America rule on May 27, 2015, with Margie Alt, Environment America executive director (second from left).

But the fight for clean water continues

Sadly, now the Trump administration has come in and at the behest of the polluters has called for eliminating this historic clean water protection. "

Clean water is a right, not a privilege. So we’re ramping up our efforts again to defend our existing clean water safeguards to restore and protect our rivers and streams, and working to ensure clean water for all.

Clean Water Updates

News Release | Environment America

Statement: House should adopt three-year phaseout of PFAS in military

The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services approved provisions in the annual defense policy bill early this morning that would phase out the military’s use of toxic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in firefighting foams. Right now, Congress has a critical opportunity to stamp out a major threat to our public health. Millions of people across the country are currently drinking water contaminated with toxic PFAS chemicals. Eliminating the use of these chemicals is the best way to protect our drinking water from these dangerous substances.

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News Release | Environment America

Statement: Senate hearing highlights need for clean water protections

The U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works held a hearing this morning on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) proposal to replace the Clean Water Rule. The proposed rule would roll back protections for much of America’s network of waterways. The administration’s ‘Dirty Water Rule’ would leave vast networks of America’s rivers, lakes and streams vulnerable to pollution, endangering wildlife and public health. It flies in the face of common sense, sound science and public opinion.

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News Release | Environment America

Senate committee advances bipartisan bill to phase out PFAS in military

The U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services today announced legislation to phase out the military’s use of toxic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in firefighting foams. As part of the annual defense spending bill, called The National Defense Authorization Act, the Pentagon would be restricted from purchasing PFAS foams after 2022, and prohibited from using PFAS foams after 2023. We applaud the bipartisan group of senators who came together this week to protect our drinking water from these toxic chemicals. Ending the use of these persistent, cancer-causing chemicals is the best way to prevent contamination. From Michigan to North Carolina, families are grateful for this week’s progress and counting on Congress to finish the job.

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News Release | Environment America

65 groups call for legislation to phase out PFAS in the military within three years

Environment America submitted a letter to the Senate and House Armed Services Committees today, calling on Congress to pass legislation to phase out military firefighting foams that contain toxic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) within three years. Sixty-five environmental, veterans and community groups signed on to the letter. “Families from Michigan to West Virginia are drinking poisoned water because nearby military bases keep using these toxic chemicals,” says Bart Johnsen-Harris, clean water advocate with Environment America. “We need to leverage our military’s resources, ingenuity and grit to complete this transition away from PFAS quickly. This is a fight not just to preserve our drinking water, but to protect American lives.”

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News Release | Environment America

Statement: Environment America endorses “Protect Drinking Water from PFAS Act”

Five Congressmen introduced a bill this week to combat toxic drinking water pollution from per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). While PFAS chemicals are putting the drinking water of millions of Americans at risk, EPA has failed to set a clear limit to drive cleanup of contaminated water. This bill would jump-start the process of creating an overall limit on PFAS in our drinking water. 

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